KING EDWARD MEMORIAL HOSPITAL

Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College

Acharya Donde Marg, Parel,
Mumbai 400 012. India.
Tel.: 91-22-2410 7000 Fax: 91-22-2414 3435

Preventive and Social Medicine

Background History

Preventive Medicine has developed as a branch of Medicine distinct from Public health. Its primary objective is prevention of disease and promotion of health. The scope of Preventive Medicine has grown widely. It is no longer confined to hygiene, sanitation, vaccinations and quarantine, all of which are associated with communicable diseases. It not only encompasses nutrition, vectors, insecticides, pollution free environment but also includes concerns regarding population explosion, fertility control, genetic counseling besides addressing preventive aspects of chronic diseases. Degenerative disorders, occupational diseases etc.

Preventive Medicine now has become a growing point in Medicine. The emergence of Preventive Paediatrics, Preventive Geriatrics, Preventive Cardiology,Epidemiology & Management reflect newer trends in the scope of specialization in Preventive Medicine. Preventive Medicine ranges far beyond the medical field. It includes social, economic, ecological and philosophical dimensions which have a bearing on health and disease.

Social Medicine is an expansion of the humanitarian tradition in medicine and includes patient care, prevention of disease, administration of medical services that are cited in the principles of Primary Health Care. Preventive Medicine is equally concern with development of effective referral services at secondary and tertiary levels of health care. It emphasizes inclusion of principles of management at different levels. The final thrust is on understanding community dynamics and making community diagnosis keeping in mind the principles of equitable distribution, community participation, appropriate technology and inter-sectoral co-ordination for finding solutions to mankind’s health problems. Finally the inclusion of the spiritual dimension in the strategy for health for all calls for a holistic approach not only to health and disease but to life itself. Thus, the scope of Preventive and Social Medicine has increased over wider horizons and hence departments of Preventive & Social Medicine have been called upon to play expansive roles to include all aspects.

Departments of Preventive and Social Medicine have evolved considerably and are continuously adapting themselves to their changing roles and expectations.They are an important link between the tertiary care hospitals and public health services and play a vital role in the medical education of undergraduates which according to the Medical Council of India and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare needs to be made more community oriented, and relevant to the country’s needs.

Concept of starting separate department of PSM at Medical colleges was first mooted in 1955 at the All India Conference on Medical Education. The department of PSM at Seth G.S.Medical College was first established in 1959 with Dr. D.N.Pai as its first head.

In 1974, Dr. J.B. Shrivastava Committee Report advocated starting of Urban Field Practice Areas for medical colleges. Thus the Urban Health Centre was started at Malvani in 1978 for comprehensive health services. This was nurtured by Dr.Mrs.V.R. Bhalerao, then Professor, who later took over as the second Head of the Dept. in 1982, followed by Dr. Mrs. P. Subramanian as the Third head of PSM in 1992.

The present head of the department is Dr. R.R. Shinde who took over the charge in 2003.

Sections Units Branches

Community Activities

Naigaon Health Centre:In order to carry out teaching and training of undergraduate medical students, interns and residents doing Diploma/MD Community Medicine) in community work, a health centre has been established by PSM Department in Naigaum area which is about 1 k.m. from the parent institute Through Naigaum Health Centre, comprenhensive health services like Under five clinic, Medical relief, IEC activities etc. are conducted for training medical students.

Malvani Health Centre (Malad West):An Urban Health has been established by PSM Department at Malvani to offer comprehensive health care services to about 1.1 lakh poor and needy people living in slum/slum like areas. The centre is located about 34 kms from the parent institute. In addition to providing health services to slum population, the Urban Health Centre also provides practical training to interns, post graduate students (Diploma/MD in PSM), student nurses from L.T. College of Nursing, Bhagwati Hospital,Cooper Hospital etc. Various research project related to community health are also undertaken at the UHC, Malvani population.

Following activities are carried out at M.H.C:

  1. Antenatal Clinic
  2. Postnatal Clinic
  3. Family Planning Services
  4. Underfive Clinic services
  5. Immunisation clinic
  6. School Health services
  7. Gynaec. Services
  8. TB clinic
  9. Leprosy clinic.
  10. Dental and ophthalmic clinic etc.

Child to child programme was developed at MHC and is accepted as one of the effective methods of health education internationally.

General Practice – OPD and Immunisation OPD

The General Practice OPD in KEM Hospital was started by the PSM Dept. by Dr. P. Subramanian under leadership of the then Dean, Dr. P Pai in the year 1993. It is now running in its 15 th year.

The OPD is currently located on the 1st floor of the new multi-storied building. The GOPD is functional daily from 8.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. with the registration of cases going on from 8.30 to 11.30 a.m. All patients visiting the hospital are screened by this OPD and then if required are referred to the speciality OPDs. Cases like TB, Malaria, Diarrhea, URTI, LRTI, HT are treated here.

The immunization OPD session starts at 1:30 pm and goes on upto 3:30 pm.

There are 4 counters here:-

  1. Registration counter
  2. Prescription room
  3. Injection room
  4. Counselling

Children in the age group of 1 day to 5 years are immunized against selected vaccine preventable diseases as per the immunisation schedule adopted by the MCGM health dept.

(Polio, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Measles, Mumps Rubella and Hepatitis B.)

Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP)

The Directorate of Health Services, Maharashtra State has taken the initiative to develop a decentralized district based disease surveillance programme in the state. The Public Health System is expected to detect early warning signals of impending outbreaks and help initiate an effective response in a timely manner. Integrated Disease Surveillance Project is a five- year project that will be coordinated by the centre and implemented by the states, districts and communities. The programme envisages the use of modern Information Technology to facilitate transfer of information. IDSP project is launched in the state on 21st June 2005.

In accordance with the State directives, Dept. of PSM, Seth G S Medical College & KEM Hospital became participant in the IDSP and a sub district surveillance unit (SDSU) was established.

Services Provided by SDSU in KEMH

  1. Diagnostic services for priority diseases
  2. Treatment services
  3. Follow-up services including community surveillance.

 

RURAL HEALTH TRAINING CENTRE, SAKWAR

The department of Preventive & Social Medicine at Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital has developed the ‘Rural Health Training Centre’ (R.H.T.C.) at Sakwar, Vasai taluka, Thane district, in collaboration with the Ramakrishna Mission, Khar. The centre provides medical services to about 400 villages of 7 adjacent talukas in the Thane district.

The R.H.T.C. in Sakwar is located at a distance of about 82 kilometres from Mumbai on the Western Express (Mumbai – Ahmedabad) Highway No. 8. It is about 10 kilometres North of Virar in the Vasai taluka. The centre is conducting its activities on a spacious land admeasuring 8 acres, leased by the Government of Maharashtra.

In 2004, the Department started regular residential postings of Postgraduate Residents and Interns to provide the basic health services to the tribal population of Sakwar and the Rural Health Training Centre in its present form took shape. This is a unique collaboration between a Municipal Hospital, an N.G.O., and the Rural Government Health Services.

 

MEDICAL SOCIAL WORKER SECTION

The medical social worker section of the department constitutes an important supportive section, the activities of which have been integrated within the teaching, training & research programmes of the department.

PATIENT EDUCATION CENTRE

Patient Education Centre (PEC) / Information Education Communication (IEC) cell was started by Department of Preventive & Social Medicine in the year 2002 during the Platinum Jubilee Year of the Twin Institute. The initial funding was provided by Pandit Foundation, subsequently supported by the institute after evaluation.

It is well known fact that educating patients bring about better and faster healing. It gives a treatment a better chance. Patient education is necessary and useful for each and every disease and for every stage of disease.

PEC has created digital posters about various diseases in Marathi and Hindi and Gujarati that can be put up in the wards, OPDs, corridors. These posters are in simple language, with lot of coloured school posters and photographs for easy understanding. These are made in digital prints in different sizes as per the requirement.

Activities of the Patient Education Centre:

  • Creating Health Educational Material
    • Posters
    • Pamphlets and Booklets
    • Creating Health Education and training material for NGOs and other agencies working in the fieldof health.
    • Displaying the scroll boards with general information.
  • Organising Health Talks
  • Organising Exhibitions In the community
  • Teaching and training in Communication
  • Conducting Community Health programmes.

 

Undergraduate teaching, training and research.

Undergraduate students of all the three years of MBBS are posted with the department for fixed durations for training in the subject. This is achieved through didactic lectures, practicals, demonstrations, tutorials, seminars and most unique of all, visits to institutes of public health importance like the Central Labour Institute and rural health training centre.

 

Postgraduate teaching, training and research.

The duration of the course in the subject is of three years for the MD and two years for the Diploma in Public Health. During the period each student is posted at the department, the Malwani Urban Health Centre, Kasturba hospital for infectious diseases and the Rural Health Training Centres by rotation.

The teaching also involves daily PG teaching activities including a university seminar on Saturdays. The students also undertake a research project /dissertation during this period and make presentations of small research projects at conferences.

Internship training.

The internship training programme is of one year duration. During this period an intern is posted at various departments of the hospital as per the university guidelines. They are also posted at peripheral hospitals, urban health centre Malwani and centres for rural training.

Staff

Faculty Designation Email Photo
Dr. R. R. Shinde Professor & Head ratnendra.shinde@gmail.com
Dr. Gajanan Velhal Professor gdvelhal@gmail.com

vgajanan@rediffmail.com

New Picture
Dr. K. P. Bhate Professor (Addl) bhatekamaxi@gmail.com
Dr. R. S. Kembhavi Professor (Addl) ravindrakembhavi@yahoo.co.in
Dr. Rujuta Hadaye Professor (Addl) rujutahadaye@gmail.com
Dr. Y. B. Chavan Professor (Addl) yuvarajbc@yahoo.co.in
Dr. S. M. Acharya Professor (Addl) shrikalag@rediffmail.com
Dr. M. J. Solanki Assoc. Professor (Adhoc) drsolanki05@yahoo.co.in
Dr. Swati Deshpande Assoc. Professor (Addl) drswatideshpande@rediffmail.com
Dr. D. D. Kadam Assistant Professor dilipkadam@yahoo.com New Picture (1)
Dr. Sujata Lavangare Assistant Professor sslavangare009@gmail.com
Dr. Milind Rasal Assistant Professor drmilinds1@gmail.com
Dr. Pavan Sable Assistant Professor pavankem22@yahoo.com
Dr. Aftab Siddiqui Assistant Professor draftabsiddiqui@indiatimes.com
Dr. Pratap Jadhav Assistant Professor (Statistics) pratapjadhav1979@gmail.com New Picture (2)

Dr. Amit Bhondve Assistant Professor dramitbhondve@gmail.com New Picture (3)

 

Office staff

Staff Designation
Mr. Vijay jawlekar Community Development Officer (CDO)
Mrs. Tara Kedare Community Development Officer (CDO)
Mr. Sachin Shirke Laboratory Technician
Mrs. Harshad Kawle Clerk
Mrs. Sunita Gadge Record Assistant (RA)
Mr. R.B. Ruke Laboratory Attendant
Mr. Prakash Garate Servant
Mr. Sunil Kocharekar Hamal
Mr. Chhaya Gaikwad Sweeper

 

Staff at Malvani Urban Health Center, Malad

Staff Designation
Dr. Vaishali Gondane Medical Officer (MO)
Mrs. Shweta Patil Public Health Nurse (PHN)
Mr. Ravindra Dabhade Community Development Officer (CDO)
Mrs. Kauberi Maladkar Laboratory Technician
Mr. Naresh Jadhav Laboratory Technician
Mrs. Anita Vaidya Pharmacist
Mrs. Rujuta Karhadkar Clerk cum Typist (CCT)
Mr. Rajiv Desai Clerk cum Typist (CCT)
Mr. Ashok Warge Ward Boy
Mr. Vishnu More Ward Boy
Mr. Ramchandra Jadhav Peon
Mrs. Meena Gaikwad Sweeper
Mr. Mohsin Shaikh Sweeper

 

 

Facilities, Equipments & Special services

Research Projects & Training Programme:

Department of PSM is involved in conducting following research projects:

  1. Endline Impact Evaluation of India Population Project funded by WorldBank.
  2. Epidemiological study of Preventable cancers in a community.
  3. Community based interventions for control of Rheumatic heart disease.
  4. Sexual behviours of unmarried adolescents in a community.

Training Programmes or Courses:

  1. Department is involved in AIDS training programmes.
  2. Department has established an Epidemiology and Public health initiative (EPHI) which conducts a course in an advanced epidemiology for a period of 1 year.
  3. 2 days workshops on “Research Methodology”.

Contact Us:

 Department of Community Medicine +91 (22) 24107484
Professor & Head (Dr. R. R. Shinde) +91 (22) 24107074
Professor (Dr. G. D. Velhal) +91 (22) 24107080
Professor +91 (22) 24107714
IDSP (Control Room) +91 (22) 24107840
General OPD +91 (22) 24107319
Malvani Urban Health Center +91 (22) 28881174

ORGAN DONATION ROTTO SOTTO

  • Organ Donation ROTTO SOTTO KEM HOSPITAL, MUMBAI

Other

Location

Department of Preventive & Social Medicine (Community Medicine)

Library Building, 3rd Floor, Seth G. S. Medical College & K. E. M. Hospital

Parel, Mumbai – 400 012

Along with department of Physiology and Forensic Medicine.

Contact Detail

News & Updates

Future Plans

For Student

For Patient